PT. Tritama Banyu Naturalindo
Fresh Tuna from Eastern Indonesia
Geographically, Indonesia is an archipelago with two thirds of the ocean area larger than land. Indonesia is the largest archipelagic country in the world consisting of 17,499 islands with a coastline of 81,000 km and the area of the waters consisting of territorial seas, archipelagic waters and inland waters covering an area of 2.7 million km or 70% of the total area.
It is known as a country with enormous natural resource potential, especially in the maritime sector. Indonesia's marine wealth can be seen from the biodiversity of marine life. The Indonesian sea has 8,500 species of fish, 555 species of seaweed, and 950 species of coral reef biota. So Indonesia is a country with the largest marine biodiversity in the world (marine mega-biodiversity).
The Indonesian sea has a large number of sustainable potential, namely 6.4 million tons per year. Sustainable potential is the potential for fishing that still allows fish to regenerate until the number of fish caught does not reduce the fish population. Based on international regulations, the amount of catch allowed is 80 percent of the sustainable potential or around 5.12 million tons per year. In fact, the number of fish caught in Indonesia has not reached that figure. This means that there is still a chance to increase the number of catches allowed.
In western Indonesia the average sea depth is 75 meters. The types of fish that are mostly found are small pelagic fish. In Eastern Indonesia, the average sea depth is 4,000 meters. Types of fish that are found in large pelagic fish such as skipjack and tuna. Apart from fish in the oceans, Indonesians cultivate fish in coastal areas. Many people develop fish farming with ponds. One type of fish that is bred in ponds is tilapia.
Indonesia is the world's third largest producer of tuna fisheries, with a contribution of 16 percent of the world's tuna fishery products (FAO and SOFIA / State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture, 2018). Tuna, skipjack and tuna (TCT) commodities contribute 20 percent to national fishery products